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福彩号码查询 www.edasl.tw Society and government
----09对外汉语班 刘珊

Contents

Intro

Distinction

Relationship

Thomas Paine (February 9, 1737 – June 8, 1809) was an author, pamphleteer, radical, inventor, intellectual, revolutionary, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. In 1776, his pamphlet Common Sense was widely read.

? It’s a work of political philosophy published anonymously in 1689 by John Locke. ? The Second Treatise outlines a theory of political or civil society based on natural rights and contract theory.

Distinction
? They are not only different, but have different origins. ? Society is produced by our wants, and government is produced by our wickedness. ? Society in every state is a blessing, but government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state an intolerable one.

? The reason why men enter into society, is to find assistance and relief of another. ? {The great and chief end, of men’s uniting into common-wealths, and putting themselves under government, is the preservation of their property}. --Locke

Because men can’t remain perfectly just to each other, it will be unavoidably happen that they will begin to relax in their duty and attachment to each other. And this remissness will point out the necessity of establishing some form of government to supply the defect of moral virtue.

Relationship
? Society comes first and then comes government. ? When the number of people in the society increases, it becomes impossible for everyone to have a seat in the parliament. And election becomes the solution.

? Man in society has two powers. The first is to do whatsoever he thinks fit for the preservation of himself. The other power a man has in the state of nature is the power to punish the crimes committed against that law. Given up both of them, man joins in government.

? Holding elections is the best balance between government and society. --Paine ? Frequent interchange will establish a common intrest with every part of the society, they will mutually and naturally support each other.

That’s all


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